Castor Oil Plant

edible castor oilThe castor oil plant is a pure viscous liquid that is amber in color. The oil is extracted from the seeds of a plant that is known as Ricinus Communis. It is also referred to as ricinus oil. Castor occurs naturally as glycerides, it is among the few compounds that are almost pure elements because the amount of fatty acid is negligible- about 9/10 ricinoleic.

A crude castor oil has a pale straw color; however, it turns slightly yellowish or colorless after bleaching and refining. Ricinus Communis grows naturally in different geographical areas and usually activate under various climatic and physical regimes.

Castor Beans Oil Processing Plant

Studies show that castor beans have approximately between 30 and 35 percent oil which can be extracted through a number of industrial processes or through processes such as solvent extraction. Continuous screw press or hydrate presses.

castor oil processing

Castor Seeds Oil Extracting Process

There are a number of processes involved during castor oil processing. Some of the operations that are involved include the following;

Preprocessing Before Oil Extracting

  • Cleaning

Castor beans usually have various foreign materials as well as dirt and are separated using hands.

  • Drying

Once the beans are cleaned, they are dried under the sun in an open area. The beans are then dried further in an oven at a temperature of 60 degrees for at least seven hours. The beans are dried at this temperature to reduce the moisture content, which was initially about 7 percent.

  • Winnowing

During winnowing, the shell is separated from the cotyledon. The process is carried out using a huge tray to remove the cover to get high yield.

  • Cracking

This is also known as size reduction. To crash the beans, mortar and pestle are used. The beans are then crushed into a paste to rupture the cells by use of oilseed crusher so as to extract the castor fat.

castor seeds
Castor Seeds after Shelling/Hulling

The extraction of castor oil from the seed is done in a similar way, just like other oil seeds. The ripe seeds are then left to dry out as soon as they split open and release the seeds. The seeds are then dehulled. There are different ways to dehull seeds; you can do it by machine or by hand. Also, there are small scale hand dehullers. After the seeds are dehulled, they are then cleaned, cooked and then dried before they are extracted. The purpose of cooking is to coagulate the protein.

Oil Extraction from Castor Seeds

The first stage in the oil extraction process is pre-pressing. The process is usually carried out under high pressure using a screw press known as the oil mill or oil expeller. The extracted oil is then filtered and the residue discarded from the oil and then taken back to the stream together with fresh material. The final material produced from the oil mill press is known as castor cake. The castor cake has about 10 percent oil. The cake is the crushed and then introduced to solvent extraction. Heptane is added to the crushed cake to extract further oil.

castor oil mill
castor oil mill machine

Screw type oil mill is usually the best choice for castor bean oil milling. The seeds are fed from one side of the mill. Then, the oil seeds are pressed through a caged cavity and the oil cakes exit the other end.

Edible Oil Mill Machinery for Sale

 Model Capacity(t/d) Power(kw) Packing size(mm) Weight(kg)
200A-3 7-10 18.5 2900*1850*3240 5000
ZX24-3 18-24 30+5.5+3 2900×1850×3640 5500
YZY260 40-50 75 3800*2320*3800 9000
ZX28-3 40-60 55+15 3708*1920*3843 9380
ZX32-3 100-130 90+11+5.5 4100*2270*3850 11500
YZY290 150-220 135 5100*2150*3900 14500

Read More: Build a Oil Extraction Plant

Castor Oil Filtration and Purification

Impurities are removed from the oil through filtration. A filter press is used to carry out filtration to remove dissolved gasses, water, acids and particulates.

oil filtering system
Oil Filtering System
oil filter
Oil Filter
oil filter board
Oil Filter Board

Castor Oil Refining

The crude oil is then taken to the oil refinery.
Read More: How to Set Up a Oil Refinery Plant?

  • Settling and Degumming of the Oil: Done to remove the aqueous phase from the lipids, and to remove phospholipids from the oil.
  • Neutralization: The neutralization step is necessary to remove free fatty acids from the oil.
  • Bleaching: Bleaching results in the removal of coloring materials, phospholipids and oxidation products.
  • Deodorization of the oil: Deodorization results in the removal of odour from the oil.
  • Do you have a machine for extraction of oil for jatropha and castor bean? its for small scale extraction.
  • Yes, our small oil pressing line is very popular recently.
    Please advise if the jatropha and castor bean is with hull or not? Could you please send me some pictures of your raw material?
    What is your capacity(ton/day)? Do you work 24 or 8 hours per day?
    Wait for your reply!
  • We are planning to set up Castor oil production plant in India. We need the machines.
  • Please let me know what is capacity do you need of the oil plant project?  
    How about local 3phases electricity?__V? __Hz?
    If convenient, let me know your company name, address and phone no.
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