Maybe you think that establishing a cattle feed manufacturing plant is the very first step for the ones who are planning to start their own business of beef cattle feed production. But, before picking the equipment and project plan for your factory, you’d better know about the feed formula and processing technology in advance.
Feed Formula for Beef Cattle
The whole life of beef cattle is divided into two stages:
- The growth period (before the age of 12 months)
- The fattening period (13-24 months)
Cattle Feed Manufacturing Plant
(1~3 ton/hour production unit with ring die feed pellet making machine)
Research shows that 4-20 months old cattle weight increased the fastest. The earliest is bone which is from one months before birth to 11 months after birth. Followed by muscle development, and the flourishing development period if 3~18 months. The peak development period of adipose tissue is 13~24 months after birth. The development of digestive organ focused on 1~12 months after birth. Therefore, when raising beef cattle, the feed should be made up reasonably provided at different physiological stages to meet their nutritional needs, so that the development of the organization can be improved and so as the feeding efficiency.
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4~6 Months Old Beef Cattle Feed Manufacturing
The age of 4~6 months is the transition period after the weaning of calves. Although the feed intake of roughage has increased, the nourishing ingredient is still mainly provided by the concentrated feed. This is the period when the growth strength is the highest. It is also the most important period for the functional development of most organs.
Take advantage of this feature in cattle feed production and pay attention to the balance supply of nutrients. It can not only help you produce healthy cattle, but also improve production efficiency. If you are planning to to start mini cattle feed making business in countryside, then our Mobile Feed Pellet Plant should definetly be your best choice!
Typical Feed Formula of 4~6 Months Old Beef Cattle
|Roughage Forage||Concentrated Feed|
|01||Wheat Stalk or straw 0.5-1.0, Pod Powder0.5-1.0||Corn 2.0, Wheat Bran or Rice Bran1.5, Cottonseed Cake 0.5, Urea 0.08, Salt 0.05, Calcium Carbonate or Bone Meal 0.05, Stone Powder 0.15, Composite Additive 0.1|
|02||Corn Stalk 0.7, Alfalfa Hay 0.5||Wheat Bran or Rice Bran 1.0, Cottonseed Cake 0.5, Rapeseed Cake 1.0, Salt 0.05, Calcium Carbonate or Bone Meal 0.05, Stone Powder 0.15, Composite Additive 0.1|
|03||Wild Grass 3.5 or Dry Hay 1.0-1.2||Corn 0.25, Wheat Bran or Rice 1.0, Cottonseed Cake 0.5, Rapeseed Cake 0.75, Salt 0.05, Calcium Carbonate or Bone Meal 0.05, Stone Powder 0.15, Composite Additive 0.1|
|04||Brewer's Grains or Distiller's Grains 3.5-4.0||Corn 0.5, Wheat Bran or Rice Bran 0.5, Cottonseed Cake 1.0, Rapeseed Cake 0.5, Salt 0.05, Calcium Carbonate or Bone Meal 0.05 , Stone Powder 0.1, Composite Additive 0.1|
|05||Dried Beet Pulp or bagasse 2.5, Dry Leaves 1.0||Soybean Meal 0.5, Wheat Bran or Rice Bran 0.75, Cottonseed Cake 0.75, Rapeseed Cake 0.5, Salt 0.05, Calcium Carbonate or Bone Meal 0.05 , Stone Powder 0.1, Composite Additive 0.1|
7-12 Months Old Beef Cattle Feed Manufacturing
Beef cattle from the age of 7 months (weight 150 kg) to the age of 12 months (weight around 300 kg) is called the later stage of growth period. In addition to the continued growth of bones and muscles, it is also the key period for the volume increasing of the digestive tract. Therefore, when making feedstuff for cattle of this stage, the roughage feed with high fiber content or succulent feed should be supplied as much as possible under the condition of meeting the nutritional requirements. The nutrient concentration of roughage and succulent feed is low, and the volume of the same amount of nutrients is large. Therefore, the animals have to enlarge the volume of the digestive tract to get enough nutrients. It is also a critical period for the volume increasing of digestive tract. Don't hesitate to get in touch with us if you need any help in starting your cattle feed mill plant.
The study shows that crude fiber and other components in the roughage feed produce physical stimulation to the digestive tract and promote the hyperplasia of digestive tract. Roughage feed requires a long time for chewing and ruminating. It can increase saliva secretion which plays an important role in stabilizing rumen acid-based environment and enhancing rumen function. Early fat accumulation of viscera, muscles by feeding more roughage.
In this raising stage, the feeding method of “Restricted Concentrated Feed, Free Roughage Feed” is adopted. The supply of concentrated feed generally accounts for 1.2%~1.5% of the live weight, while the supply of roughage feed is about 1.4%1.6% of live weight.
13-18 Months Old Beef Cattle Feed Manufacturing
The early stage of cattle fattening period refers to 13~18 months of age, 300~450kg in weight. Under good husbandry conditions, the bone system and digestive organs are basically mature, and this is the best grow time of muscle and adipose tissue. Therefore, when proucing feed for beef cattle of this stage, you should take advantage of their developed digestive system and the function of rumen degradation in degrading roughage feed. The cattle feed should be mainly based on roughage and relatively reduce the cost of feeding. Due to the increasing weight, and feed intake, it is also necessary to increase the feed supply of concentrated feed accordingly. In general, the concentrate feed and roughage feed account for 50%~ 60% and 40%~50% of the daily dry matter respectively.
Taking beef cattle weighing 400 kg and gaining 900~1000g per day as an example, the formula is designed as follows:
|Roughage Forage||Concentrated Feed|
|01||Corn silage 12.0, dried beet pulp 1.0||Wheat 0.4, Wheat Bran or Rice Bran 0.5, Rapeseed Cake 0.4, Alfalfa Powder 0.2, Compound Premix 0.4|
|02||Corn Stalk3.0 or Maize Hay Silages 12.0, Alfalfa Hay 0.5||Corn 1.50, Sunflower Seed Meal 0.5, Compound Premix 0.4|
|03||Wild Grass 15.0 or Dry Hay 2.0~3.3||Corn 0.25, Wheat Bran or Rice Bran 1 .25, Soybean Meal 0.5, Rapeseed Cake 0.80, Compound Premix 0.4|
|04||Fresh Distiller's Grains 5.0, Straw 2.0, Corn Stalk 2.5||Corn 1.40, Wheat Bran or Rice Bran 0.5, Compound Premix 0.4|
|05||Dried Beet Pulp Or Bagasse 3.5||Wheat Bran or Rice Bran 1.5, Molasses 0.5., Rapeseed Cake 0.8, Compound Premix 0.4|
Note: Each kilogram of compound premix provides: salt 120g, calcium hydrogen phosphate 100g, rock flour 250g, vitamin A 5000 international units, vitamin D 2500 international units, vitamin E 80 international units, copper 0.05g, 0.2g, zinc manganese 0.15g, iodine 20mg, selenium 10 mg, drill 15 mg, minerals are provided by sulfate, sodium bicarbonate 250g, magnesium oxide 100g.